Python3 webservice接口测试代码详解

2020-06-23 12:01 来源:易采站长站 作者:于海丽 点击: 评论:

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原标题:Python3 webservice接口测试代码详解

一、使用python3做webervice接口测试的第三方库选择suds-jurko库,可以直接pip命令直接下载,也可以在pypi官网下载压缩包进行手动安装

二、安装好后,导入Client:from suds.client import Client。发送一条请求

from suds.client import Client
url = 'http://www.webxml.com.cn/WebServices/WeatherWebService.asmx?wsdl'
client = Client(url)
# 打印所有webservice接口信息
print(client)

但是会出现错误:

Traceback (most recent call last):
 File "E:/PycharmProjects/lianxiUItestSelenium/***.py", line 53, in <module>
  client = Client('http://www.webxml.com.cn/WebServices/WeatherWebService.asmx?wsdl')
 File "E:\PycharmProjects\lianxiUItestSelenium\venv\lib\site-packages\suds\client.py", line 115, in __init__
  self.wsdl = reader.open(url)
 File "E:\PycharmProjects\lianxiUItestSelenium\venv\lib\site-packages\suds\reader.py", line 150, in open
  d = self.fn(url, self.options)
 File "E:\PycharmProjects\lianxiUItestSelenium\venv\lib\site-packages\suds\wsdl.py", line 159, in __init__
  self.build_schema()
 File "E:\PycharmProjects\lianxiUItestSelenium\venv\lib\site-packages\suds\wsdl.py", line 220, in build_schema
  self.schema = container.load(self.options)
 File "E:\PycharmProjects\lianxiUItestSelenium\venv\lib\site-packages\suds\xsd\schema.py", line 94, in load
  child.dereference()
 File "E:\PycharmProjects\lianxiUItestSelenium\venv\lib\site-packages\suds\xsd\schema.py", line 319, in dereference
  midx, deps = x.dependencies()
 File "E:\PycharmProjects\lianxiUItestSelenium\venv\lib\site-packages\suds\xsd\sxbasic.py", line 437, in dependencies
  e = self.__deref()
 File "E:\PycharmProjects\lianxiUItestSelenium\venv\lib\site-packages\suds\xsd\sxbasic.py", line 483, in __deref
  raise TypeNotFound(self.ref)
suds.TypeNotFound: Type not found: '(schema, http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema, )'

三、只需要过滤掉一下地址就可以了。导入ImportDoctor和Import就可以

from suds.client import Client
from suds.xsd.doctor import ImportDoctor, Import

imp = Import('http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema',location='http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema.xsd')
imp.filter.add('http://WebXml.com.cn/')
doctor = ImportDoctor(imp)
client = Client('http://www.webxml.com.cn/WebServices/WeatherWebService.asmx?wsdl',doctor=doctor)
print(client)

输出结果:

(WeatherWebServiceSoap)
  Methods (5):
    getSupportCity(xs:string byProvinceName)
    getSupportDataSet()
    getSupportProvince()
    getWeatherbyCityName(xs:string theCityName)
    getWeatherbyCityNamePro(xs:string theCityName, xs:string theUserID)

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