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Linux Shell中判断进程是否存在的代码

来源: 易采站长站
1 利用pgrep 匹配名字
代码如下:
if test $( pgrep -f $1 | wc -l ) -eq 0
then
echo "进程不存在"
else
echo "存在进程"
fi

以下是补充内容:
当前系统中的进程:

apple@ubuntu:~$ ps -ef
UID PID PPID C STIME TTY TIME CMD
root 1 0 0 13:57 ? 00:00:02 /sbin/init
root 2 0 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [kthreadd]
root 3 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [migration/0]
root 4 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [ksoftirqd/0]
root 5 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [watchdog/0]
root 6 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [migration/1]
root 7 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [ksoftirqd/1]
root 8 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [watchdog/1]
root 9 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [events/0]
root 10 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [events/1]
root 11 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [khelper]
root 12 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [kstop/0]
root 13 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [kstop/1]
root 14 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [kintegrityd/0]
root 15 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [kintegrityd/1]
root 16 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [kblockd/0]
root 17 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [kblockd/1]
root 18 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [kacpid]
root 19 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [kacpi_notify]
root 20 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [cqueue]
root 21 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [ata/0]
root 22 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [ata/1]
root 23 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [ata_aux]
root 24 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [ksuspend_usbd]
root 25 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [khubd]
root 26 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [kseriod]
root 27 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [kmmcd]
root 28 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [btaddconn]
root 29 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [btdelconn]
root 30 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [pdflush]
root 31 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [pdflush]
root 32 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [kswapd0]
root 33 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [aio/0]
root 34 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [aio/1]
root 35 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [ecryptfs-kthrea]
root 38 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [pciehpd]
root 39 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [scsi_eh_0]
root 40 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [scsi_eh_1]
root 41 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [kstriped]
root 42 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [kmpathd/0]
root 43 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [kmpathd/1]
root 44 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [kmpath_handlerd]
root 45 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [ksnapd]
root 46 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [kondemand/0]
root 47 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [kondemand/1]
root 48 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [krfcommd]
root 256 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [mpt_poll_0]
root 717 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [scsi_eh_2]
root 753 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [kdmflush]
root 764 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [kdmflush]
root 795 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [kjournald]
root 915 1 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 /sbin/udevd --daemon
root 1617 2 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 [kpsmoused]
root 2166 1 0 13:57 tty4 00:00:00 /sbin/getty 38400 tty4
root 2167 1 0 13:57 tty5 00:00:00 /sbin/getty 38400 tty5
root 2172 1 0 13:57 tty2 00:00:00 /sbin/getty 38400 tty2
root 2173 1 0 13:57 tty3 00:00:00 /sbin/getty 38400 tty3
root 2174 1 0 13:57 tty6 00:00:00 /sbin/getty 38400 tty6
root 2244 1 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 /usr/sbin/acpid -c /etc/acpi/eve
root 2259 1 0 13:57 ? 00:00:00 /usr/sbin/syslog-ng -p /var/run/
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